Instead of bringing together Muslim leaders, this agreement further fragmented the MNLF because some of the group`s political groups preferred independence to autonomy. Thus, a group of officers led by Hashim Salamat broke away and founded the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) to continue its armed struggle for an independent nation of Bangsamoro (Moro Nation) in Mindanao. The government wants to set up the region by 2016. The agreement calls for Muslim self-management in parts of the southern Philippines in exchange for a deactivation of rebel forces by the MILF. The MILF forces would hand over their firearms to third parties chosen by the MILF and the Philippine government. A regional police force would be established and the Philippine army would reduce the presence of troops and help dismantle private armies in the area.  In the agreement, the government committed to modifying a 37-year experiment in autonomy whose current version, the Muslim Autonomous Region of Mindanao (ARMM), has not lived up to the Moro people`s aspiration for freedom through a highly centralized government.  On January 24, 2014, Miriam Coronel Ferer, chief negotiator of the Philippine government, and Mohagher Iqbal, chief negotiator of the Philippine government, signed a peace agreement in Kuala Lumpur. The deal would pave the way for the creation of the new Muslim autonomous entity called “Bangsamoro,” according to a law that must be approved by the Philippine Congress.
The Comprehensive Agreement on Bangsamoro (CAB) is a final peace agreement signed on March 27, 2014 at the Malacañang Palace in Manila between the Government of the Philippines and the Moro Islamic Liberation Front.  As part of the deal, Islamic separatists would hand over their firearms to third parties chosen by the rebels and the Philippine government. The MILF has agreed to decommission its armed wing, the Bangsamoro Islamic Armed Forces (BIAF). In exchange, the government would establish an autonomous Bangsamoro. Power-sharing has been a focal point in the overhaul of autonomy. To achieve its goal of liberating Bangsamoro, the MNLF involved government forces in extensive armed collisions, which culminated in the early 70s, when rebel blitzes allowed them to control a considerable number of communities around Cotabato City and its airport complex. This led the Marcos regime to strengthen the military presence by deploying nearly three-quarters of the army in most Muslim regions of Mindanao. Things took another turn in 1976, when Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi reached an agreement  that resulted in the signing of the Tripoli Agreement, which introduced the concept of an autonomous Muslim region in Mindanao.
On August 1, 1989, under the mandate of the new 1987 Constitution, Congress passed Republic Act 6734, which authorized the establishment of the Muslim Mindanao Autonomous Region (ARMM).